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The Intellectual Biography of Amy Jaques Garvey
Submitted by African Centered Social Work Academy Graduate
Zelaika Clarke, MSW, LSW, MEd
Black movements in the twentieth century such as Black Power, the Rastafarian movement have strong links with Garveyism. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Patrice Lumumba of Congo, Elijah Mohammad, Kwame Nhrumah of Ghana, Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya, George Padmore, Walter Rodney, C.L.R James, Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Mutabaruka all found inspiration in Garveyism (Sewell, 1990). The most important and influential woman in Garveyismwas Amy Jacques Garvey, Marcus Garvey’s second wife. A.J. Garvey authored Garvey and Garveyism, compiled and edited The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey,or,Africa for the Africans Volumes I, II, and III, and authored many other publications. She was a daunting intellectual, orator, writer, social activist, leader, and feminist who possessed invaluable talents and made distinct contributions to Garveyism. A.J. Garvey saw herself as "the most knowledgeable Garveyite, and in her opinion, no one could interpret, analyze or unpack the meanings of Marcus Garvey’s words better than she could”(Taylor, 2002, p.236). A.J. Garvey rightfully claimed ownership of Garvey’s "intellectual production, making it clearly her political property”(Taylor, 2002, p.236). Her lifelong commitment to social change went beyond her relationship with her husband. A.J. Garvey raised the consciousness of blacks on social and economic issues that "impacted their human dignity and well being”(Broussard, 2004, p. 132). She was a remarkable woman of her time and the influence on the African diaspora will be everlasting.
See the File Library at the bottom of this page to read The Intellectual Biography of Amy Jacques Garvey in it's entirety.
The African Centered Social Work Academy is tasked with the development of a
cadre of Black social workers in becoming African Centered. This is done
through the introduction of African and black history, philosophy and
techniques not taught at undergraduate or graduate schools. See the flyer in the File Library below with information about the upcoming Academy Classes.
Explore the Origins of Black History Month
The story of Black History Month begins in 1915, half a century after the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. That September, the Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson and the prominent minister Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by black Americans and other peoples of African descent. Known today as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), the group sponsored a national Negro History week in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. The event inspired schools and communities nationwide to organize local celebrations, establish history clubs and host performances and lectures.
In the decades the followed, mayors of cities across the country began issuing yearly proclamations recognizing Negro History Week. By the late 1960s, thanks in part to the Civil Rights Movement and a growing awareness of black identity, Negro History Week had evolved into Black History Month on many college campuses. President Gerald R. Ford officially recognized Black History Month in 1976, calling upon the public to "seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history."
Since then, every American president has designated February as Black History Month and endorsed a specific theme. The 2013 theme, At the Crossroads of Freedom and Equality: The Emancipation Proclamation and the March on Washington, marks the 150th and 50th anniversaries of two pivotal events in African-American history.
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